Several policies at national, regional and international levels have been introduced to address the issues linked to waste shipments. However, even in the presence of these regulations, significant amounts of illegal waste shipments are occurring across the European borders and beyond.
While the majority of the waste shipments are for resource recovery, estimates suggest that 25% of the overall shipments do not comply with the regulations2. It is not clear whether, and if yes, to what extent, these policies have affected the trend of illegal waste shipments across EU and across the globe.
In this context, this work reviews the EU and global impact analysis methodologies. It analyses existing methodologies for impact assessment of changes in policies, markets and legislative changes affecting the waste trade and management at EU and Global level.
Two cases have been assessed in the report: the WEEE Regulation and the Chinese ban on imports of plastic waste.